The Three Main Types of Law and Their Main Characteristics


Law is a system of rules and regulations in a society. There are a number of different kinds of law, each with its own characteristics, functions, and principles. Let’s look at the three main types of law and their main characteristics. You can also learn more about religious law, including Christian canon law and Jewish Halakha.

Rule of law

Rule of law is a political philosophy that holds all institutions, citizens, and leaders to the same set of laws. This means that no matter who is in power, they are held to the same standards of law and accountability. It is the foundation for any free society. A strong rule of law is crucial for the stability of any society.

The principles of the rule of law include the presumption of innocence, a strong independent legal system, and an independent judiciary. These principles ensure that people are protected from arbitrary arrests, secret trials, indefinite detention without trial, intimidation, and corruption. In a democracy, these principles are upheld and everyone has access to justice.


The principles of law refer to the rules of behavior that govern society. These rules are meant to protect citizens and ensure that the government and society operate fairly. They should ensure that the law is accessible to everyone, is made up of generally accepted norms and rules, and protects people from abuse of power. In addition, these principles require that governments and judges be accountable and legal procedures should be transparent.

Principles of law have several different sources and have various applications. Some are general in nature, while others are specific to a specific area of law, such as international humanitarian law. In any case, these principles reflect the implied consent of States.


Law is a normative order that governs human behavior and is based on principles of justice and security. The study of law aims to identify the rules society uses to resolve conflicts and ensure social coexistence. There are various schools of law, but some characteristics of law are universal. This article examines some of the most common characteristics of law.

First, law has to originate from a higher authority. The norms of law must be binding on the individual. This means that they can be enforced with force. In addition, laws must be based on objective reality.


In a society, law is used for various purposes. For example, it defines acceptable norms and sets out consequences for certain types of behavior. It also regulates the processes of doing business and helps to protect citizens from abuse of government power. It gives rules to officials to ensure that they are acting in the public’s best interests. And it prescribes procedures for the use of law. To make its role more effective, it combines three major functions.

The most important function of law is to protect and maintain society’s order and harmony. In other words, it safeguards the survival of society by maintaining accepted standards of public morality. The legal system also provides the substratum for the social-economic emancipation of citizens. According to Pollock, law has the basic character of order. Every community has a system for enacting, declaring, and administering its laws. These bodies are often publicly appointed and recognized and are the source of law in a community.